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International

Funded Projects

Ce projet vise à étudier comment la signature des accords internationaux d'investissement (AII) modifie la structure des entreprises canadiennes qui commercialisent et investissent dans les pays partenaires de l'AII. L'objectif s'agit d'estimer comment la partie des protections des investissements dans ces accords a une incidence sur les décisions des entreprises canadiennes; on cherche à voir si elles décident d'intégrer verticalement (avec leurs fournisseurs intermédiaires dans ces pays), ou d'intégrer horizontalement en se développant vers de nouveaux marchés. 

Additional dataset: Canadian Direct Investment Abroad (CDIA)

ensembles de données connexes
EAM-I, FMLCN

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

An extensive amount of literature has stated that immigrants may exhibit poorer economic performance than native-born citizens. There are three main reasons why this relationship may occur: (1) the human capital, such as the education and labour market experiences, may be lower for immigrants, (2) language proficiency tends to be lower among immigrants, and (3) immigrants may have weaker networks or live in areas that consist predominately of one ethnic group, known as enclaves. The purpose of this study is to explore another potential reason why immigrants’ economic performance is lower, specifically, financial literacy. Financial literacy allows agents to make more informed decisions regarding saving, investing, borrowing, etc. Evidence from surveys has documented that there are large variations in financial literacy across demographic characteristics such as gender, education, age, religion, and ethnicity. This project questions whether immigrants in Canada are financially sophisticated in terms of whether or not eligible immigrants take advantage of tax breaks. Higher levels of financial literacy may reflect higher levels of human capital, language proficiency and stronger social networks. Thus, this study will account for, or condition on language, education and networks (measured by the proximity of businesses or individuals with similar demographics).

ensembles de données connexes
DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, Revenus

The process of how the economic status of immigrants’ changes from the time of their arrival onward, and how they integrate into the labour market can determine what factors lead to improved outcomes. Another area of interest is how the career dynamics of immigrants and natives differ. The purpose of this study is to answer the following questions: (1) how do immigrants sort into different firms as the assimilate and how their networks play a role in this process, and (2) how firm-specific pay policies may affect immigrants and natives differently. While past Canadian studies that have investigated the economic status of immigrants employ census-type data, this study will use longitudinal matched employer and employee data. This data is particularly useful as the same sample is tracked at different points in time. The study will look at changes in the characteristics of the jobs immigrants sort into as they assimilate. Such characteristics include the ratio of natives to immigrants in the firm and the size of the firm. Schmutte (2015) has shown that individuals whose neighbours are employed at high-paying firms are more likely to move to a firm that is higher-paying. It is of interest to see if this is the case for immigrants. This may distinguish if certain groups of immigrants that live in certain places assimilate faster.

ensembles de données connexes
DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

In economic models of trade, it is stated that firms that are more productive will export, while those that are less productive will sell products domestically, or completely exit the market. However, differences in productivity alone cannot explain why some firms export, and some do not. One aspect that may limit a firms international trading opportunities is a lack of information regarding such opportunities, or a lack of assurance that trading agreements will not be honoured. Members of migrant networks may play a role in overcoming such barriers by acting as mediator between the firm and potential trading partner. The objective of this research is to (1) determine the relationship between firms that export and the composition of their employees, and (2) how the Canadian immigration policy has shaped a firm’s ability to export. Specifically, this paper will explore if firms with foreign-born workers are more likely to export, if firms make hiring decisions based on the possibility of exporting, and if there is any evidence to suggest firms hire foreign-born workers to mitigate the information barriers discussed above.

Ananth Ramanarayanan is an Assistant Professor at Western University.

ensembles de données connexes
CCE, DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Empirical evidence for many countries suggests that trade intermediaries, such as wholesalers, account for a substantial share of the total import value. Given that these firms constitute an intermediate step in the distribution of merchandise, wholesalers’ decisions of what products to import and from where are likely to affect the nature and magnitude of trade frictions, as well as the degree of competition faced by domestic producers. In order to contribute to a better understanding of the role played by wholesalers, this project is focused on studying how their import activity affects firms in the manufacturing sector. In particular, it aims to identify the multiple margins that manufacturing firms adjust in response to higher import penetration in consumption and intermediate goods by wholesalers.

ensembles de données connexes
FMLCN

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

All importing firms can then be allocated to one of four bins: two for direct importers(manufacturers and retailers), one for indirect importers (wholesalers) and one for the firms with a mix mode of imports (i.e. acting both as direct and as indirect importers). The relative importance of each of these modes can then be assessed either in terms of firm counts or in terms of import values. The main goal of this project is both to document the importance and characteristics of these bins and to test their main determinants using the case of import values only. The second goal of this project is to examine specific aspects of intermediation within the US/NAFTA context. This is linked to a fundamental aspect of intermediaries: their  advantage over direct importing is more significant for sources involving higher fixed and/or variable barriers to trade.

Data link: T2-Leap combined with import trade data, 2002-2012

ensembles de données connexes
EAM-I, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

Does the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) reduce resource misallocation in Canada? The implementation of CUSFTA can be viewed as a natural experiment which makes it ideal for estimating the causal effect of trade policy on the misallocation of resources. To do this, I use both static and dynamic panel models with data from the Annual Surveys of Manufactures (ASM) for the period 1980 to 1996. I use tariff rates from Trefler (2004) and measure resource misallocation using the dispersion in revenue total factor productivity (TFPR). This study sheds light on how reversion back to CUSFTA following a collapse of NAFTA might impact productivity in Canada due to changes in resource misallocation.

ensembles de données connexes
EAM

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

This study investigates the impact of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on price dispersion in Canada. The impact of trade reforms on producer price dispersion is not straightforward: while increased competition would be expected to alleviate price differences by favoring the most productive firms, access to new markets alongside product differentiation may allow producers to charge more disperse prices.

 

 

ensembles de données connexes
EAM, EAM-I

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

News

Productivity Partnership Spring 2020 Newsletter

November 3, 2020 | NEWSLETTER

In this newsletter:
New funded projects
Explore CDER datasets
Apply for project funding
Past events
Papers and Presentations
News 

 Read More

Productivity Partnership Winter 2020 Newsletter

mars 31, 2020 | NEWSLETTER

In this newsletter:
New funded projects
Explore CDER datasets
Apply for project funding
Past events
News 

 Read More

Productivity Partnership Winter 2019 Newsletter

mars 4, 2019 | NEWSLETTER

In this newsletter:
New funded projects
Explore CDER datasets
Apply for project funding
Upcoming events
Past events
Working Papers
News 

 Read More

Appel de propositions : Financement pour aider à la recherche économique au moyen du Programme d’analyse longitudinale de l’emploi T2 dans les Centres de données de recherche, Statistique Canada

avril 12, 2018 | BOURSE

Échéance pour les soumissions de propositions : le 15 mail 2018

Information de base :
Statistique Canada mène un projet pilote sur l’utilisation de microdonnées d’entreprises à ses Centres de données de recherche (CDR) situés dans 30 universités à l’échelle du Canada. Comme pour le CDRE, les chercheurs travailleront directement avec des microdonnées d’entreprises synthétiques avant de soumettre leurs programmes aux employés de Statistique Canada afin qu’ils soient exécutés avec des microdonnées comme telles. Le projet pilote tiendra compte uniquement des propositions de recherche qui utilisent le Programme d’analyse longitudinale de l’emploi T2 (PALE-T2), une base de données présentées au niveau de l’entreprise qui contient des renseignements clés en matière de l’entrée et la sortie des entreprises, leurs caractéristiques démographiques, leurs finances, et leur performance. Le PALE-T2 a été utilisé pour examiner : la dynamique de l’emploi et de l’entreprise, le chiffre d’affaires de l’industrie, la croissance de la productivité, les entreprises à croissance élevée, et le financement, la survie et la performance des entreprises.

Financement
Pour aider à l’utilisation des ensembles de données du PALE-T2 aux CDR, le Réseau canadien des Centres de données de recherche (RCCDR) et le Partenariat productivité financent au moins deux projets de recherche de jusqu’à 6,000 $. Ces fonds sont destinés à être utilisés pour les coûts de recherche, y compris l’embauche d’un étudiant adjoint à la recherche (n’importe quel niveau), le voyage, la présentation et la participation aux conférences, l’offre d’articles de journaux gratuits, et d’autres éléments de mobilisation de connaissance*.

Processus de soumission et d’évaluation
Veuillez soumettre votre proposition en ligne. Chaque proposition devrait inclure :

  • Nom et coordonnées du chercheur principal
  • Titre du projet
  • Résumé de la proposition, y compris les questions de recherche (approximativement 250 mots)
  • Répartition du budget

Les propositions seront acceptées et évaluées de façon continue jusqu’au 15 mai 2018. Il est prévu que les résultats seront annoncés peu de temps après l’annonce de l’approbation de Statistique Canada.

Obligation des chercheurs
Les chercheurs doivent indiquer au coordonnateur de recherche de Partenariat productivité tous les matériels qu’ils produisent. De plus, ils doivent reconnaître la contribution financière du RCCDR et de Partenariat productivité dans ces matériels.

Les propositions devraient être soumises en ligne avant le 15 mai 2018

Questions
Toutes questions devraient être envoyées directement à productivity@mcmaster.ca

*Coûts liés aux données : l’appel de propositions de Statistique Canada indique : « Il n’y a aucun coût pour les postulants dont le chercheur principal est affilié à un établissement universitaire qui est un membre du Réseau canadien des Centres de données de recherche. Le coût des propositions d’autres postulants sera établi en fonction de chaque projet. »

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Appel de propositions Recherche économique au moyen du Programme d’analyse longitudinale de l’emploi T2

mars 1, 2018 | CALL FOR PAPERS

Les propositions doivent être soumises au CDRE d’ici le 30 avril 2018 : Centre canadien d’élaboration de données et de recherche économique, statcan.cder-cdre.statcan@canada.ca 

Télécharger Appel de propositions et Dictionnaire des données

Introduction

Depuis 2011, les chercheurs professionnels accèdent aux fonds de microdonnées d’entreprises de Statistique Canada afin de mener des projets de recherche approuvés à son bureau central à Ottawa, par l’entremise du programme du Centre canadien d’élaboration de données et de recherche économique (CDRE).

Dans le cadre de cet appel de propositions, Statistique Canada mène un projet pilote sur l’utilisation de microdonnées d’entreprises à ses centres de données de recherche (CDR) situés dans 23 universités du Canada. Comme pour le CDRE, les chercheurs travailleront directement avec des microdonnées d’entreprises synthétiques avant de soumettre leurs programmes aux employés de Statistique Canada pour qu’ils soient exécutés avec les microdonnées comme telles. Le projet pilote tiendra compte uniquement des propositions de recherche qui utilisent le Programme d’analyse longitudinale de l’emploi T2 (PALE-T2), une base de données présentées au niveau de l’entreprise qui comprend des renseignements clés sur l’entrée et la sortie des entreprises, leurs caractéristiques démographiques, leurs finances et leur performance. Le PALE-T2 est utilisé pour étudier la dynamique de l’emploi et des entreprises, le chiffre d’affaires de l’industrie, la croissance de la productivité, les entreprises à forte croissance, et le financement, la survie et la performance des entreprises.

Les chercheurs sont invités à examiner les documents suivants sur les données PALE-T2 et/ou à communiquer avec le CDRE à statcan.cder-cdre.statcan@canada.ca pour discuter de leurs projets potentiels avant de présenter une demande.

Portée du projet pilote

  • Projets de recherche utilisant uniquement la base de données PALE-T2 décrite dans la documentation PALE-T2;
  • Projets pour lesquels une ébauche d’article de recherche peut être fournie à Statistique Canada d’ici le 31 mars 2019;
  • Projets de recherche menés à l’aide de SAS et/ou de STATA.

Processus de soumission et d’évaluation

Les chercheurs sont invités à soumettre leur proposition de projet conformément aux exigences suivantes et à indiquer dans leur proposition qu’ils souhaitent participer à ce projet pilote :

  • Titre du projet
  • Justification de la recherche : inclure le contexte, les questions de recherche et la contribution du projet à la littérature
  • Cadre analytique et méthodologie proposée
  • Justification de l’utilisation des microdonnées
  • Besoins de données détaillés
  • Produit prévu : descriptions détaillées des totalisations et des modèles de régression
  • Besoins logiciels – SAS ou Stata
  • Nom et coordonnées du chercheur principal et de tous les autres chercheurs

Les propositions seront évaluées par deux pairs du milieu universitaire et par Statistique Canada. L’approbation des propositions sera basée sur :

  • le mérite scientifique et la viabilité de la recherche proposée;
  • la pertinence des méthodes à appliquer et des données PALE-T2 devant être analysées;
  • le besoin fondé d’accéder aux microdonnées PALE-T2;
  • l’expertise des chercheurs et leur capacité d’effectuer la recherche.

Les propositions seront acceptées et évaluées en continu jusqu’au 30 avril 2018. On s’attend à ce que le processus d’évaluation prenne quatre semaines. Cette période peut être prolongée pour accepter les reprises de soumission selon les commentaires des examinateurs.

Admissibilité

Le chercheur principal mentionné dans la demande doit être un membre ou étudiant de faculté d’un établissement d’enseignement postsecondaire canadien et être citoyen canadien ou résident permanent du Canada.

Tous les chercheurs du projet de recherche doivent faire l’objet d’un processus d’enquête de sécurité, fournir une lettre de reconnaissance de leur employeur ou établissement scolaire et prêter le Serment de confidentialité et de secret de l’article 6(1) de la Loi sur la statistique pour devenir un employé réputé de Statistique Canada pour la durée du projet.

Coûts

Il n’y a aucun coût pour les demandeurs dont le chercheur principal est affilié à un établissement d’enseignement membre du Réseau canadien des centres de données de recherche. Le coût des propositions provenant d’autres demandeurs sera déterminé projet par projet.

Travailler avec PALE-T2 à partir du CDR

Les chercheurs dont les projets seront approuvés aux fins du projet pilote mèneront leurs recherches sur une version synthétique de PALE-T2 au CDR. Le noyau de cet ensemble de données est la Base de données d’entreprises longitudinales synthétiques canadienne, produite au moyen de simulations générées à partir de modèles statistiques. Toutes les variables PALE sont synthétisées, ou modélisées, d’une manière qui modifie les valeurs observées tout en préservant les relations des covariables sous-jacentes entre les variables.

Lorsque les chercheurs auront terminé leur analyse, ils soumettront les programmes documentés et exempts d’erreurs au CDRE. Un analyste du CDRE exécutera les programmes avec les microdonnées confidentielles et mènera l’examen de confidentialité des résultats afin de garantir que seul le produit non confidentiel est remis au chercheur.

Obligation des chercheurs

En plus de fournir à Statistique Canada une ébauche de l’article de recherche d’ici le 31 mars 2019, on s’attend à ce que les chercheurs remettent leurs commentaires écrits sur la base de données d’entreprises longitudinales synthétiques, PALE-T2, sur la documentation qui leur a été fournie et sur l’environnement de travail.

Partenariat productivité Subvention de voyage au l’ACE!

February 26, 2018 | BOURSE

Le Partenariat productivité est heureux de fournir au moins dix récompenses de voyage aux étudiants (premier cycle, maîtrise, doctorat) pour assister à ses sessions de <<Data School>>, dimanche matin le juin lors des réunions du CEA à Montréal.

Les fonds seront en moyenne de 750 $ par étudiant. Toutefois, ce montant varie en fonction de la distance parcourue et d'autres circonstances.
 
Pour soumettre une demande de subvention de voyage, visitez: https://form.jotform.ca/prodpart/travelgrant-boursedevoyage .

La date limite est le 26 mars.

'Explaining Canada’s Post-2000 Productivity Performance' Conference

November 8, 2017 | CALL FOR PAPERS

The Centre for the Study of Living Standards, in collaboration with the Productivity Partnerships, issued a call for papers for the conference to be held in association with the annual meeting of the Canadian Economics Association, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec June 1-3, 2018.

Details on the motivation for the conference, the issues on which papers are sought, and the submission procedures are found in the call for papers. The deadline for proposals is February 2, 2018.

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Productivity Partnership Summer 2017 Newsletter

août 31, 2017 | NEWSLETTER

Since our last newsletter, we’ve continued to fund new projects, plan and host events, and grow our digital and social media presence. We’ve also welcomed several new members to the team.

We are pleased to announce that the Productivity Partnership website is live, as are our Twitter and LinkedIn accounts. Connect with us and stay up-to-date with our latest news, event details, and more!

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Productivity Partnership Winter 2017 Newsletter

February 17, 2017 | NEWSLETTER

The Partnership is a team of experts from the academic, private and public sectors looking for an answer to Canada’s productivity performance using Canadian data from the firm or workplace level.

Over the past few months, we’ve been busy with, among other things, funding projects,planning events and talking with the media.

Over the next six years of the project, we’ll be continuing to in these endeavors and more and will be using various tools such as enewsletters, Twitter, and website (still in development) to communicate and engage.

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Events

PRODUCTIVITY PARTNERSHIP DATA SCHOOL SESSIONS AT THE CANADIAN ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION 2019

 dimanche, juin 2, 2019

 Banff, AB


For the 3rd year in a row, the Productivity Partnership will be hosting two data school sessions during the Canadian Economics Association 2019 Annual Meeting. The sessions will take place on Sunday morning and will consist of information on microdata available at CDER/Statistics Canada and presentations from research projects funded by the Partnership.

More information on speakers will be provided soon.

3rd Annual Workshop of Southern Ontario Macro Economists (AWSOME Vol. 3)

 vendredi, avril 26, 2019

 McMaster University, Hamilton, ON


Bringing together leading economists from universities across Southern Ontario.

In conjunction with the Department of Economics at McMaster, the Productivity Partnership is sponsoring the third Annual Workshop of Southern Macro Economists (AWSOME). The workshop will bring together leading economists from universities across Southern Ontario to discuss research on the latest developments in the study of macroeconomics. Topics of the workshop include: macro theory, default, quantitative macro, and productivity.

étudier plus avant

SEMINAR BY MIGUEL CARDOSO (BROCK UNIVERSITY)

 mercredi, November 21, 2018

 KTH 334, McMaster University, Hamilton ON


Miguel Cardoso, Brock University, will discuss his paper "Immigrants and Exports: Firm-level Evidence from Canada."

Time: 12:30 - 1:30

Conférence internationale du CIQSS 2018: Impact de i'immigration, conséquences pour les l'immigration: Nouveaux résultats utilisant des données d'entreprise et sociales

 jeudi, octobre 11, 2018

 Montréal, QC


Le Partenariat Productivité et le Centre interuniversitaire québécois de statistiques sociales (CIQSS), en collaboration avec le Réseau canadien des Centres de données de recherche (RCCDR) et le Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations (CIRANO) invitent les chercheurs à soumettre une proposition de communication sur le thème général de l’immigration dans le cadre de la 6ème édition de la conférence internationale du CIQSS.

étudier plus avant

Call for proposals: Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises

 jeudi, septembre 13, 2018

 Online


Statistics Canada is launching a new pilot project with the Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises 2014 (SFGSME) linked to administrative data and is now inviting interested researchers to submit a proposal by November 4, 2018 (extended).

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The Trade Policy Gender Gap: Why are Women More Protectionist than Men?

 jeudi, août 30, 2018

 KTH 334 | McMaster University, Hamilton ON


Starting at 2:30pm, Eugene Beaulieu (University of Calgary) will be giving a seminar on The Trade Policy Gender Gap: Why are Women More Protectionist than Men?

Drinks afterwards. If you'd like to join Eugene for dinner, please contact Pau S. Pujolas.

3rd Annual Conference of the Global Forum on Productivity

 jeudi, juin 28, 2018

 Ottawa, ON


The 3rd Annual Conference of the Global Forum on Productivity Firms, Workers and Disruptive Technologies: Ensuring Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Context

Over recent years, the world has seen a number of technological developments that have challenged the way our economies function. New technologies have brought dramatic changes in the way firms produce goods and services, organize their activities, and collaborate within innovation ecosystems. Nevertheless, these innovations have not yet translated into shared prosperity. Inequality is increasing and productivity growth remains sluggish in many of the advanced and emerging economies. Therefore, it is essential to understand the underlying factors of disruptive technologies and how policy can use them to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

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Survey of Innovation and Business Strategy

 lundi, juin 4, 2018

 Université de Montréal's Research Data Centre, Montréal QC


Cet atelier vise à favoriser les échanges entre les analystes du Centre canadien d’élaboration de données et de recherche économique (CDRE) qui est dépositaire de l’Enquête sur l’innovation et les stratégies d’entreprise, Industrie Canada qui a initié l’Enquête, et les chercheurs menant des projets à partir de l’Enquête ou souhaitant se familiariser avec son utilisation.

étudier plus avant

Productivity Partnership Data Schools sessions at the Canadian Economics Association 2018

 dimanche, juin 3, 2018

 Montréal, QC


The Productivity Partnership will again be hosting two data school sessions during the Canadian Economics Association 2018 Annual Meeting. The sessions will take place Sunday morning and will consist of information on microdata available at CDER/Statistics Canada and presentations from research projects funded by the Partnership.

Click 'Learn More' to find the exerpts from the Productivity Partnership-CSLS sessions which will take place on Saturday June 3 and the standalone Productivity Partnership sessions which will take place on Sunday June 4. The full program is on the Canadian Economics Association website.

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2nd Annual Workshop of Southern Ontario Macro Economists (AWSOME Vol. 2).

 mardi, mai 22, 2018

 McMaster University, Hamilton, ON


Bringing together leading economists from universities across Southern Ontario

The Partnership is sponsoring a session at the second Annual Workshop of Southern Ontario Macro Economists (AWSOME) on productivity, with presentations by Michelle Alexopoulos (University of Toronto) on "Secular Stagnation, Technological Change and Productivity" and Tasso Adamopoulos (York University) on "Geography and Agricultural Productivity: Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Plot-Level Data".

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A New Take on Innovation in Canada: Boosting the Demand Side

 jeudi, mai 17, 2018

 National Arts Centre, Ottawa


The Productivity Partnership, in conjuction with the Institute for Research on Public Policy, the Innovation Policy Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs,and the Chair in the Creation, Development and Commercialization of Innovation presented a symposium looking at how to boost the demand side of innovation. Speakers included people from across academia, government departments and industry.

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Productivity Partnership Mini-symposium on Gender and Productivity

 mercredi, mai 2, 2018

 Kenneth Taylor Hall 334, McMaster University


The Productivity Partnership presents two speakers, Valentina Duque (University of Michigan) & Anne Brenoe (University of Copenhagen) who will talk about gender and productivity.

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Statistique Canada: Atelier socioéconomique - Microdonnées à la fine pointe de la technologie sur les entreprises et mises à jour relativement à l’accès

 lundi, February 26, 2018

 Ottawa, ON


Le Centre canadien d’élaboration de données et de recherche économique (CDRE) organise un atelier socioéconomique au sujet de nouvelles microdonnées  d’entreprise et une mise-à-jour sur l’accès qui se tiendra le 26 février 2018.

L’accès aux microdonnées d’entreprises dans les Centre de recherche et de récents développements au CDRE seront présentés, ainsi que des exemples de travaux récents utilisant des microdonnées d’entreprises au CDRE. Le thème des données appariées sur l’employeur et l’employé sera abordé, avec des présentations sur l’expérience américaine et canadienne. Finalement, des bases de micro-données récentes et à venir sur des sujets  tels la mondialisation, la fabrication, et les prix à la consommation, entre autres, seront décrites par des représentants de Statistique Canada.

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Hooker Distinguished Visiting Professor: Penny Goldberg

 vendredi, septembre 15, 2017

 KTH 334, McMaster University, Hamilton ON


Time: 11:30-12:20, with lunch following
Speaker: Penny Goldberg, Yale University

étudier plus avant

Papers and Publications

mai, 2020

     We use longitudinal data from the income tax system to study the impacts of firms’ employment and wage-setting policies on the level and change in immigrant-native wage differences in Canada. We focus on immigrants who arrived in the early 2000s, distinguishing between those with and without a college degree from two broad groups of countries – the U.S., the U.K. and Northern Europe, and the rest of the world. Consistent with a growing literature based on the two-way fixed effects model of Abowd, Kramarz, and Margolis (1999), we find that firm-specific wage premiums explain a significant share of earnings inequality in Canada and contribute to the average earnings gap between immigrants and natives. In the decade after receiving permanent status, earnings of immigrants rise relative to those of natives. Compositional effects due to selective outmigration and changing participation play no role in this gain. About one-sixth is attributable to movements up the job ladder to employers that offer higher pay premiums for all groups, with particularly large gains for immigrants from the “rest of the world” countries.

Author(s)

Benoit Dostie, Jiang Li, David Card, Daniel Parent

ensembles de données connexes
DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, Marchés du travail, Revenus

     Data on businesses collected by statistical agencies are challenging to protect. Many businesses have unique characteristics, and distributions of employment, sales, and profits are highly skewed. Attackers wishing to conduct identication attacks often have access to much more information than for any individual. As a consequence, most disclosure avoidance mechanisms fail to strike an acceptable balance between usefulness and condentiality protection. Detailed aggregate statistics by geography or detailed industry classes are rare, public-use microdata on businesses are virtually inexistant, and access to condential microdata can be burdensome. Synthetic microdata have been proposed as a secure mechanism to publish microdata, as part of a broader discussion of how to provide broader access to such datasets to researchers.

     In this article, we document an experiment to create analytically valid synthetic data, using the exact same model and methods previously employed for the United States, for data from two dierent countries: Canada (Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP)) and Germany (Establishment History Panel (BHP)). We assess utility and protection, and provide an assessment of the feasibility of extending such an approach in a cost-eective way to other data.

Author(s)

M. Jahangir Alam, Benoit Dostie, Jörg Drechsler, Lars Vilhuber

ensembles de données connexes
PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Keywords: synthetic data; longitudinal business data; transferability of methods; confidentiality protection

mai, 2019

February, 2019

We examine how immigrant employment enhances trade at the firm level using unique administrative matched employer-employee data from Canada. We augment a standard model of firms’ export market entry and sales decisions with trade costs that depend on destination-specific immigrant employment at the firm level. We estimate simple structural equations derived from the model that relate destination-specific exporting decisions to immigrant employment. We develop a method to deal with the potential endogeneity of immigrant employment that exploits the optimality conditions associated with the firm’s employment decision. We find positive and statistically significant effects of firm level immigrant employment on exporting. These effects vary with product type and immigrant employee characteristics in ways consistent with the idea that immigrant employees alleviate information barriers to trade.

ensembles de données connexes
DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail

janvier, 2019

août, 2018

It has been well established that international trade generates productivity gains within industries by reallocating inputs from low-productivity to high-productivity firms. However, the literature does not differentiate between young economies–that is, economies with a relatively large proportion of young firms–and old economies. To compare the productivity gains between young and old economies, I use European firm-level data during the period 2006 to 2014. The results of my study support the common finding in the extant literature that productivity gains are higher in any economy with more international trade. However, I also find that such gains are approximately five times higher for younger economies. I show that this is due to higher degrees of productivity dispersion within industries in younger economies.

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Keywords: International trade, Productivity, Reallocation, Firm age, Young economies

JEL Codes: F14, O47, O52

juillet, 2018

This study investigates whether the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) reduced resource misallocation in Canada. The implementation of CUSFTA can be viewed as a natural experiment, which makes it an ideal setting for estimating the causal effect of trade policy on the misallocation of resources. I perform this estimation using a dynamic panel data model with data from the Canadian Annual Surveys of Manufactures (ASM) for the period from 1980 to 1996. I use tariff rates from Trefler (2004) and measure resource misallocation using the dispersion in revenue total factor productivity (TFP) within industries. I find that CUSFTA did reduce resource misallocation by approximately four percent and, consequently, increased TFP by around four percent in Canada. This increase in TFP translates into a contribution of 23 percent to the overall TFP growth of Canada's manufacturing sector.

ensembles de données connexes
EAM, EAM-I

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail

Keywords: Misallocation, Trade policy, CUSFTA, Productivity

JEL Codes: O11, O47, F14, F13

avril, 2018

This paper studies firm offshoring behaviour following the Canada-Peru Foreign Investment Protection Agreement (FIPA) enactment in 2007. This is achieved by using confidential Statistics Canada firm tax filing microdata merged with raw firm-level import microdata. While in the aggregate data, there is a large increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by Canadian firms and a change in the composition of Canadian firm imports from Peru from raw unprocessed ore to manufactured metals, the microdata show that the change is not simply offshoring by individual firms. FDI into Peru was in mining as opposed to manufacturing. Moreover, firms that increased their Peru investment did not reduce their Canadian employment, nor were they the same firms with large increases in imports. Hence, these findings in the microdata show that the large increase in investment to Peru was not associated with offshoring of Canadian firms.

Author(s)

Stephanie Houle is a PhD candidate in the Department of Economics, McMaster University

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

Keywords: Investment Agreements, Multinational Firms, Offshoring, Foreign Direct Invest-ment

JEL Codes: F13, F23, F53, L23

octobre, 2017

Using a sample of only three countries, Hsieh and Klenow (2014) find that firms grow at a slower rate in poorer countries than in richer countries. This paper asks whether their results can be generalized using uniquely well-suited comparable data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys of 100 countries for 2006 to 2014. I confirm that firms in general grow at a slower rate in poorer than in richer countries. In addition, I establish that firm growth rate explains approximately 16 percent of GDP per capita variations.

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Keywords: Employment, Firm growth rate, Patterns, Firm age, GDP

JEL Codes: O11, O47

juin, 2017

Author(s)

Brian Lewis, Chief Economist and Assistant Deputy Minister Office of Economic Policy at Ontario Ministry of Finance

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Keywords: microdata, data access

Presented at CEA 2017: Data Schools

mars, 2017

ensembles de données connexes
CCE, DDCEE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Keywords: RDC, CDER

Presented at Journée des données (Data Day)

ensembles de données connexes
ASFC - Douanes, CCE, DDCEE, EAM, EAM-I, EFPME, EISE, EMTE, FDLMO, FMLCN, LRA, PALE, PCI, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Presented at Journée des données (Data Day)

Author(s)

Natalie Goodwin, Statistics Canada RDC Analyst, Western University RDC

ensembles de données connexes
ASFC - Douanes, CCE, DDCEE, EAM, EAM-I, EFPME, EISE, EMTE, FDLMO, FMLCN, LRA, PALE, PCI, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Keywords: RDC

Presented at Journée des données (Data Day)

Outline

Accessing business microdata for research purposes at the Canadian Centre for Data Development and Economic Research (CDER) at Statistics Canada

  • CDER basics
  • Data sets available for access to CDER
  • Application process
  • Future directions
  • Other information

ensembles de données connexes
ASFC - Douanes, CCE, DDCEE, EAM, EAM-I, EFPME, EISE, EMTE, FDLMO, FMLCN, LRA, PALE, PCI, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Keywords: CDER; microdata; data access

Presented at Journée des données (Data Day)

août, 2015

This paper provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of nominal exchange rate move-ments on cross-border travel by consumers and on retail firms’ sales. We develop a search-theoretic model of price-setting heterogeneous retailers and traveling consumers who face nominal exchange rate shocks. These exchange rate shocks act as both a supply side shock for retailers though imported input prices and a demand side shock though their effect on the propensity for consumers to cross the border and shop at foreign retail stores. The model provides predictions regarding relationships between firm and regional characteristics and the magnitude of the effects of nominal exchange rate fluctuations and resulting cross-border travel activity on retailers’ sales. We use our theoretical framework to motivate an empirical methodology applied to Canadian firm and consumer level data from 1987 to 2007. Our findings indicate that an appreciation of the Canadian dollar substantially increases cross border travel which in turn has a significant negative effect on the sales of Canadian retailers. These effects diminish with the distance of the retailer from the border and with the shopping opportunities available at relevant US destinations. Using counterfactual experiments, we quantify the effects of more restric-tive border controls after September 2001 which discouraged cross-border trips and reduced retailer losses from cross-border shopping as well as the effects of increased duty free allowances which raised cross-border trips and reduced retailer sales.

Author(s)

Jen Baggs is an Associate Professor at the University of Victoria

Beverly Lapham is a Professor at Queen's University

ensembles de données connexes
T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

Keywords: International Price Differences; Firm Dynamics; Exchange Rate Pass-Through; Cross-Border Shopping

JEL Codes: F10; F14; L81

mai, 2015

ensembles de données connexes
ASFC - Douanes, CCE, DDCEE, EAM, EAM-I, EFPME, EISE, EMTE, FDLMO, FMLCN, LRA, PALE, PCI, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Keywords: CDER; proposal

JEL Codes: Y9

Author(s)

Kim P. Huynh works at the Bank of Canada

ensembles de données connexes
ASFC - Douanes, CCE, DDCEE, EAM, EAM-I, EFPME, EISE, EMTE, FDLMO, FMLCN, LRA, PALE, PCI, T2-PALE

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises, Marchés du travail, Revenus

Keywords: CDER; proposal; microdata

JEL Codes: Y9

mai, 2014

Using German firm-level innovation survey data, I find that firms that vary in their export activity exhibit different innovation behaviour in a manner consistent with a life-cycle theory of the firm. By exploiting the pseudo-panel nature of the data, I use within-firm estimates to show that as firms become better exporters, their expenditure share on innovation increases and they perform more product innovation relative to process innovation. I also show that in stable exporting spells, firms' innovations are less likely to be for the purposes of expanding their product ranges, finding new target groups, and more likely to be for replacing discontinued products and reaching international markets. In addition, firms in stable exporting spells perform innovations that are less "new": these innovations are less likely to require patenting, registering of designs, research, and development. To frame the empirical evidence, I develop a dynamic trade model with innovation. Firms must go through an experimental stage to find their "ideal" product to produce. Firms can also engage in sustaining innovation, which will lower their probability of exogenously going out of business. I show that, under model parameter restrictions consistent with the empirical evidence, firms will only export after finishing their experimental stage. Exporters will be more likely to perform sustaining innovations, since the per-period profits are higher for exporting firms that have completed their experimentation phase.

Author(s)

Jeff Chan is an Assistant Professor at Wilfrid Laurier

thèmes de recherche connexes
International, L'analyse de l'industrie et des entreprises

mai, 2013

The positive link between international trade and productivity is well established. However, research on magnitude and consequences of internal trade barriers, which inhibit the efficient geographic distribution of production within a country, is limited. Unique Canadian data provides an ideal opportunity to measure the magnitude - and impact on productivity - of barriers to internal trade. Using a flexible, micro-founded approach, we measure internal trade barriers between Canadian provinces. We find between-province trade costs average 30%, rising to nearly 50% in poor regions, net of distance effects. We then adapt a new-trade model to estimate the productivity impact of these barriers. Eliminating inter-provincial trade barriers increases productivity by over 15% in the median province and by over 8% for Canada as a whole, accounting for nearly half the productivity gap with the United States. For comparison, we find these benefits are larger than lowering international trade barriers by 20%. Internal trade barriers also account for over 40% of the regional income inequality across provinces. Using our flexible measure of trade costs between provinces over time, we can estimate the change in trade costs from changes in internal trade policies, such as the Agreement on Internal Trade. Preliminary results indicate average bilateral trade costs fell by slightly over 10% following implementation of the AIT.

Author(s)

Jennifer Winter
Trevor Tombe

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

Keywords: Internal trade; Productivity; Regional economics development

JEL Codes: F4; F1; R1

Despite the elimination of tariff barriers between Canada and the United States, the volume of trade between the two countries has been less than would be expected if there were no border. While considerable work has been done to gauge the degree of integration between the Canadian and U.S. economies through trade, relatively little analysis has parsed out the underlying costs for cross-border trade. The costs of crossing the border can be divided into formal tariff barriers, non-tariff barriers, and the cost of the transport system itself. This paper focuses on the latter by estimating the cost of shipping goods by truck between Canada and the U.S. during the 1994-to-2009 period, a period that encompasses the pre- and post 9/11 security regimes. The analysis assesses the degree to which costs to ship goods by truck to and from the U.S. exceed those within Canada by measuring the additional costs on a level and ad valorem basis. These costs are further broken down into fixed and variable (line-haul) costs. Higher fixed costs are consistent with border delays and border compliance costs that are passed on to the consumers of trucking services. Line-haul costs are influenced by difficulties finding backhauls for a portion of the round-trip that, in turn, may differentially affect the cost of the export and import legs of a cross border trip depending on the balance of truck-borne trade between the two countries.

Author(s)

Mark Brown

thèmes de recherche connexes
International

November, 2012